Issue Date: 
Thursday, October 31, 2019

Types of Joint Ventures    

By Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

The structure of the joint venture should set out the nature of your partnership.  There are two main types of agreements:

  1. If the joint venture is a business, it will be an incorporated joint venture.  This type is not recommended when one wants to respond to a competitive bid or a request for quotation.
  2. A co-operative arrangement between two existing parties that keep their separate identities is called a contractual joint venture.  This type of joint venture is the safest option to use in responding ton tenders.

In both types mentioned above a Joint Venture Agreement (JVA) is crucial in managing the joint venture.

The joint venture agreement should include:

  • Objectives: keep it simple and try to have no more than five objectives.
  • Funding: both parties need to specify how much funding they will put into the venture, and for how long.
  • Assets: list any assets or employees that will be transferred throughout the duration of the joint venture.
  • Intellectual property: state who owns any intellectual property created during the joint venture and how any financial benefits will be distributed.
  • Roles: clearly indicate who has responsibility for the processes involved during the joint venture.  If you are setting up a new company, the composition of the Board – e.g. Chief Executive and Chief Financial Officer - should be identified and voting rights agreed.
  • Agreement: incorporated joint venture agreements may also need to include a shareholders’ agreement, covering issues such as dividend policy and how the management accounts will be produced and made available.
  • Third parties: any consents or approvals needed from third parties should be explained in the agreement.
  • Finances: state how any profits or losses will be divided between parties.  Liabilities must also be clearly listed.
  • Disputes: specify a mechanism by which any disputes can be resolved, such as arbitration by an agreed third party.
  • Duration: specify how long the joint venture would last.  If it is open-ended the agreement should state the period of notice that each party should give if they want to withdraw.
  • Confidentiality: you may wish to consider a confidentiality or non-disclosure agreement.
  • Principles: include a statement that is not legally binding on the two parties.  Instead it should be a statement of principles – enabling the parties to negotiate a final, legally definitive agreement in good faith.

To learn more about this and many other tender conditions attend our “Become a Tender Expert” 2-Day workshops presented in Johannesburg, Pretoria, Durban, Port Elizabeth, and Cape Town.  Book and pay online at

Contact us at should you require more information.

You can also purchase a Tender Manual (Handbook) on our website which is a step by step guide how to respond to a South African Tender.  It includes examples of completed SBD forms.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
PNQ4 HARDWARE 2021-05-20 10:00 PNQ4 HARDWARE
Supply , Delivery and Off-Loading of Toilet Paper and Hand Towels as From 01 July 2021 – 30 June 2024 2021-05-31 12:00 B/SM 94/21
Sampling and Testing of Potable and Waste Samples in The Stellenbosch Municipal Area for a Contract Period Ending 30 June 2024 2021-06-07 12:00 BSM 100/21
Additions and alterations for Community Development Offices in 21 Simonsberg Street, Stellenbosch 2021-06-07 12:00 B/SM 99/21
Provision of travel management services to the Buffalo City Metropolitan Development Agency Soc Ltd (BCMDA) for a period of 3 years 2021-06-14 12:00 BID 3 OF 2021
Underwriting & Management of Municipal Short Term Insurance & Risk Portfolio: Contract period: 1 July 2021 to 30 June 2022 2021-06-02 12:00 B/SM 102/21
Provision Of Professional Services for the Design, Tender Documentation and Contract Supervision For New Cells and Associated Infrastructure at The Stellenbosch Landfill 2021-06-14 12:00 BSM 98/21
Supply and Delivery Of 100w Lamps: 7258 2021-05-19 11:00 None
Supply and Delivery of Strapping: 10786 2021-05-19 11:00 None
Supply and Delivery of Advanced Multi-Meter. 2021-05-20 11:00 None
Supply and Delivery Of Frl 95 – 240 Mech Sc (5351) 2021-05-20 11:00 11657916
Supply and Delivery of Pole Mount Dome Miniature Circuit Breaker Cover Item: 540 2021-05-24 11:00 None
Tenders are invited for SANA CALIBRATION FOR TESTO SAVERIS 2 DATA LOGGER WIFI SYSTEM. 2021-05-20 11:00 CSQ04212236
Tenders are Invited for the Repair and Replace GC and GC-MS lines as per Specification, available at SCM:Acquisitions, Harrower Road Port Elizabeth. 2021-05-20 11:00 CSQ04212247
Tenders are invited for the Renovation of Extraction System for Chemical Woods as per Specifications, available at SCM: Acquisitions, Harrower Road, Port Elizabeth. 2021-05-20 11:00 CSQ04212247
Tenders are invited for Supply and Delivery of Laboratory Glassware as per Specification, Available at SCM: Acquisitions, Harrower Road, Port Elizabeth. 2021-05-20 11:00 GQ04212772
Tenders are invited for the Purchasing of Microbiological Laboratory Media as per Specification, Available at SCM: Acquisitions, Harrower Road, Port Elizabeth. 2021-05-20 11:00 GQ04212772
Request for Expression of Interest – Air Conditioning Consultancy Firm 2021-05-25 16:00 ADB/EOI/RDGS/2021/0076


Who is the bidder or his or her representative?

By Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

In Organ of State tenders, the Standard Bidding Document 4 – Declaration of Inters – ask in paragraph 2.1 the following: “Full name of bidder or his or her representative... Read More

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