Issue Date: 
Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Differences between an RFI, RFQ and RFP

By Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

We are repeatedly asked what the difference is between a Request for Information (RFI), a Request for Proposal (RFP) and a Request for Quote (RFQ).

“RFX” is a term used, to refer to all ‘Request For…’ documents used to solicit responses, of various types, from suppliers.  The three common documents are:

  • Request for Information (RFI)
  • Request for Proposal (RFP)
  • Request for Quote (RFQ)

According to the Government’s eTenders portal (http://www.etenders.gov.za) the differences between RFQ’s, RFI’s and RFP’s are as follows:

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined.  The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to select or an award.

The Supply Chain Management Unit collaborates with the Customer to:

  • Clearly describe the problem;
  • Solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • Study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFQ is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what is needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures.  Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP.  Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms, and conditions from suppliers.  In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications.  To procure the exact product or service needed, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.

The common thread between all three types of “RFX” documents is that the Customer/Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests.  The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid.

Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value of between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

To learn more about this and many other tender conditions attend our “Become a Tender Expert” 2-Day workshops presented in Johannesburg, Pretoria, Durban, Port Elizabeth, and Cape Town.  Book and pay online at https://howtotender.co.za/tender-expert-form/

Contact us at wernervr@howtotender.co.za should you require more information.

You can also purchase a Tender Manual (Handbook) on our website https://howtotender.co.za/ which is a step by step guide how to respond to a South African Tender.  It includes examples of completed SBD forms.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Request for Proposals (RFP) The provision of Managed Bandwidth Connectivity Link for University of Venda for the CSIR based in Pretoria 2020-02-07 16:30 3354/07/02/2020
Appointment of duly authorised service provider for training of 118 child and youth care workers in Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District 2020-02-20 12:00 NW/DSD/13/2019
Provision of security services at Apel Regional Office, Moses Mabotha Civic Hall, Strydkraal Community Hall, Municipal House In Burgersfort, Burgerfort Flea Market, Burgersfort Landfill Site and Pelangwe Community Hall (Cluster 5) 2020-02-17 12:00 FTM/T11/19/20
Supply, delivery, registration and licencing of sedans for traffic department 2020-02-07 12:00 FTM/T10/19/20
Request for two (2) 60 Seater Buses for the University of Limpopo 2020-02-19 10:00 UL/2020/01/03
Request for Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography - Mass Specifications for the University of Limpopo 2020-02-19 10:00 UL/2020/01/01
HOPETOWN: MAGISTRATE OFFICE: Installation and replacement of air conditioners 2020-01-31 11:00 CW02/ 20
NOUPOORT: MAGISTRATE OFFICE: Installation and replacement of air conditioners 2020-01-31 11:00 CW05/ 20
BRITSTOWN: MAGISTRATE OFFICE: Installation and replacement of air conditioners 2020-01-31 11:00 CW01/ 20
The South African National Roads Agency SOC Limited (SANRAL) invites tenders for the provision of consulting services for the reseal between St Albans I/C and Linton Grange I/C on National Route 2 Section 11 km 7.19 to km 23.26. 2020-02-14 14:00 SANRAL N.002- 110- 2019/ 1F
DE AAR: MAGISTRATE OFFICE: Installation and replacement of air conditioners Bidders should have a: CIDB Grading: 1ME OR HIGHER OR 1 MEPE OR HIGHER 2020-01-31 11:00 CW04/ 20
The South African National Roads Agency SOC Limited (SANRAL) invites tenders for the improvement on National Route N2 Sections 14 and 15 from Green River (km 60) to Buffalo River bridge (km 3.2). 2020-02-14 14:00 SANRAL N.002- 145- 2012/ 1
Department of Basic Education: Midlands Region: Estcourt: Emadolobheni Primary School: Water and sanitation: upgrades to sanitation systems contract period: nine (09) calendar months cidb grading: 4GB or higher (open tender) joint venture: 3x3GB 2020-02-18 11:00 ZNTL 03026 W
Invitation for contractors with C2DB holding 2GB to 7GB, 2CE to 7CE and 2EP to 7EP to register on the Department of Human Settlements Framework [NEC] for a period of three years. 2020-02-14 11:00 HSC 03/ 2019/ 2020
SANSA invites bidders to bid for Comprehensive Travel Management Services for SANSA for a period of three (3) years. 2020-02-18 11:00 SS/ 018/ 01/ 2020
The South African National Roads Agency SOC Limited (SANRAL) invites tenders for the Consulting Engineering Services for the Reseal between Jeffreys Bay I/C and Gamtoos River on National Route 2 Section 10 km 39.2 to km 54.0. 2020-02-14 14:00 SANRAL N.002- 100- 2019/ 2F
Appointment of a service provider to maintain, enhance and hosting of website for Robben Island Museum (RIM) for a period of thirty-six (36) months 2020-02-14 11:00 RIM ICT 03- 2019/ 2020
The South African National Roads Agency SOC Limited (SANRAL) invites tenders for the improvement on National Route N2 Sections 14 and 15 from Green River (km 60) to Buffalo River bridge (km 3.2). 2020-02-14 14:00 SANRAL N.002- 145- 2012/ 1
The Road Accident Fund (RAF) requires rental of office space for the RAF Cape Town Branch for a period of nine (9) years and eleven (11) months. 2020-02-21 11:00 RAF/ 2019/ 00028
Appointment of a service provider to conduct Environmental impact assessment and Township establishment for Gauteng Industrial Development Zone (GIDZ) Springs SEZ 2020-02-10 11:00 GIDZ/ 07/ 2019- 20/ SPRINGSSEZ

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