Issue Date: 
Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Differences between an RFI, RFQ and RFP

By Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

We are repeatedly asked what the difference is between a Request for Information (RFI), a Request for Proposal (RFP) and a Request for Quote (RFQ).

“RFX” is a term used, to refer to all ‘Request For…’ documents used to solicit responses, of various types, from suppliers.  The three common documents are:

  • Request for Information (RFI)
  • Request for Proposal (RFP)
  • Request for Quote (RFQ)

According to the Government’s eTenders portal (http://www.etenders.gov.za) the differences between RFQ’s, RFI’s and RFP’s are as follows:

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined.  The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to select or an award.

The Supply Chain Management Unit collaborates with the Customer to:

  • Clearly describe the problem;
  • Solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • Study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFQ is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what is needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures.  Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP.  Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms, and conditions from suppliers.  In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications.  To procure the exact product or service needed, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.

The common thread between all three types of “RFX” documents is that the Customer/Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests.  The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid.

Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value of between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

To learn more about this and many other tender conditions attend our “Become a Tender Expert” 2-Day workshops presented in Johannesburg, Pretoria, Durban, Port Elizabeth, and Cape Town.  Book and pay online at https://howtotender.co.za/tender-expert-form/

Contact us at wernervr@howtotender.co.za should you require more information.

You can also purchase a Tender Manual (Handbook) on our website https://howtotender.co.za/ which is a step by step guide how to respond to a South African Tender.  It includes examples of completed SBD forms.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Training of 23 EPWP participants on Occupational Certificate: Health Promotion Officer: SAQA ID 94597: NQF Level 3: QCTO Learnership Registration Number 11Q110030001633 in Gert Sibande District Municipality: Project Name: Isiphephelo HBC 2020-09-01 11:00 HP20/ 003GS
Training of 25 expanded public works programme (EPWP) participants on Further Education and Training Certificate: Child and Youth Care Work: SAQA ID: 60209: NQF level 4: HWSETA learnership registration number: 11Q110014351554 in Capricorn District Municipality: Bakone HCBC 2020-09-01 11:00 HP20/ 002GS
Training of 25 EPWP participants on Further Education and Training Certificate: Child and Youth Care Work: SAQA ID 60209: NQF Level 4: HWSETA Learnership Registration Number: 11Q110014351554 in West Rand District Municipality. 2020-09-01 11:00 HP20/ 005GS
Training of 20 expanded public works programme (EPWP) participants on National Certificate: general security practice: SAQA ID: 58577: NQF level 3: SASSETA learnership registration number: 29Q290038431243 in Garden Route District Municipality: Law Enforcement 2020-09-01 11:00 HP20/ 004GS
Provision of haemodialysis services to selected institutions in Kwazulu-Natal Department of Health: 3 year contract. 2020-09-02 11:00 ZNB 5284/ 2020- H
The objective of this Terms of Reference (TOR) is to outline the scope of work for the provision of the MPLS services for CATHSSETA. 2020-08-31 11:00 CATHS/ MPLS/ 021/ 2020
The objective of this bid is to appoint a panel of three (3) Legal and Compliance Experts to assist CATHSSETA with legal matters and ancillary related services. 2020-08-31 11:00 CATHS/ PLCE/ 024/ 2020
The NEF herewith invites potential service providers to submit proposals for the provision of Reliable and Secured Internet Connectivity. 2020-09-01 15:00 RFP: NEF 02/2020/21: (Provision of Reliable and Secured Internet Connectivity)
Procurement Of Supply, Installation, Configuration, Maintenance And Support For NGN Edge Routers, Servers And Peripherals For The National Department Of Labour For The Period Of Five (5) Years. 2020-08-28 11:00 RFB 2217/ 2020
Provide Enterprise Content Management (ECM) Implementation Services for KZN COGTA including Maintenance and Support for a period of three (3) years. 2020-08-28 11:00 RFB 2171/ 2020
Provision of Vulnerability Management Solution with support for the Department of Defence (DOD) for a period of thirty-six (36) month 2020-09-04 11:00 RFB 2200/ 2020
Provision of health and hygiene packages to ECD centres in the Northern Cape Province 2020-08-14 11:00 NC/ SOC/ 007/ 2020
Provision of personal protective equipment (PPEs) for soup kitchens and nutrition centres in NC 2. 2020-08-14 11:00 NC/ SOC/ 008/ 2020
Panel of Three (3) Suppliers for Maintenance/Services and Repairs on Fleet (Trucks, Cars and LDV`s) for Two (2) Years 2020-09-07 12:00 GTLM/INFR17/2020/2021
Supply and Delivery of 500PPM Farm Grade Diesel Fuel for Onrus caravan Park for a contract period ending 30 June 2023 2020-09-11 12:00 SC 2110/2020
Supply and Delivery of 3-Ton Truck with a Canopy 2020-08-21 12:00 GTLM/INFR22/2020/2021
Supply and Delivery of Two Double Cab LDV (4X2) 2020-08-21 12:00 GTLM/INFR23/2020/2021
Planning, Design, Construction Monitoring, Construction and Close Out (Turnkey) of Rooiwal Access Road 2020-09-07 12:00 GTLM/INFR18/2020/2021
Quotation for Wireless Project 2020-08-14 11:00 KCDM/Quote/48/2020
As and When Electrical and Refrigeration Contract for East London 2020-08-15 16:00 ECR/08/08/2020

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