Issue Date: 
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Difference Between a RFI, RFQ and RFP

We are regularly asked what the difference is between a Request for Information (RFI), a Request for Proposal (RFP) and a Request for Quote (RFQ).

"RFX" is a term used, to refer to all 'Request For…' documents used to solicit responses, of various types, from suppliers. The three common documents are:

  • Request for Information (RFI)
  • Request for Proposal (RFP)
  • Request for Quote (RFQ)

According to the Government's eTenders portal (http://www.etenders.gov.za) the differences between RFQ's, RFI's and RFP's are as follows:

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is generally used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined. The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to make a selection or an award.
The Supply Chain Management Unit works with the Customer to:

  • Clearly describe the problem;
  • Solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • Study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFQ is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what's needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures. Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP. Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is generally used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms and conditions from suppliers. In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications. To procure the exact product or service needed, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.

The common thread between all three types of "RFX" documents is that the Customer/Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests. The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid.

Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value of between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

To learn all you need to know to respond to tenders correctly, and hopefully successfully attend our How-to-Tender workshops. Visit our website www.how2tender.com to find out more and to register. For more information on the tender courses please email Werner at werner@how2tender.com.

This article was written by Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd. which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Appointment of a Supplier for the Bioremediation at the pniel wwtw 2018-12-18 11:00 FQ/SM: 88/19
Construction of toilet top structures in Kutlwanong, Kagisho & Phomolong Phase 1 2019-01-28 11:00 INFRA/CE/T2/2018
Tenders are invited to Supply,Install and Deliver eight(8) Gun Safes 2018-12-18 11:00 CSQ12181511
Supply and Deliver Coin Counter Equipment 2018-12-18 11:00 GQ12182007
Repair and resurface of various roads in central business district of Upington 2019-02-01 14:00 TN099/2018
Supply and Deliver Note Counters Equipment 2018-12-18 11:00 GQ12182007
Appointment of consulting engineering firm for the planning, design and project management of water services for Hakskeen Pan 2019-02-01 14:00 TN100/2018
Terms of Reference for Consultant Gender Programme Expert Consultancy Services for Launching the AU Strategy for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment 2018-12-21 17:00 AUC/WGDD/C/252
For the supply and installation of HV Surge arresters. 2019-02-05 10:00 KBY/54341
Supply & deliver Tinned Wire Copper 1.6mm fusewire. 2018-12-18 11:00 SQ12181328
Supply & deliver Circuit Breakers 40amp 240volt,5ka CURVE 2 SFM1-G3 complete.no shrouds 2018-12-18 11:00 SQ12181328
Supply & deliver Energy Saving Flourescent Tubes T5 28W/840 1149MM long, Cool White. Osram, Phillips or approved equal. 2018-12-18 11:00 SQ12181328
Supply and deliver 667/TZ/30937/000 EFC Modules 128M Signal Controller -Siemens or approved equal 2018-12-18 11:00 GQ12182003
Supply and deliver Hydraulic Breakers- LH270 Atlas Copco or approved equal 2018-12-18 11:00 GQ11182001
Rental of a digger loader (6-7 ton) for a the month of December 2018 and January 2019 2018-12-18 11:00 292257
Rental of bull dozer for the months of December 2018 and January 2019 2018-12-18 11:00 292038
Rental of light delivery vehicles (engine capacity 2000 cc) for January and February 2019 2018-12-18 11:00 292218
Rental of light delivery vehicles (engine capacity 1400 cc) for January and February 2019 2018-12-18 11:00 123456
Rental of a rear end loading (REL) refuse compactor - 19 m3 (double axle) refuse compactor truck, for December 2018 and January 2019 2018-12-18 11:00 234567
Rental of landfill compactor for December 2018 and January 2019 2018-12-18 11:00 345678

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Advantages and disadvantages of Consortiums

Consortiums are often considered as entities to use when responding to tenders in South Africa. The question that arises is whether to use a Consortium or a Joint Venture when responding to a tender. To help you with this we have compiled a list of advantages and disadvantages for both Consortiums as well as Joint Ventures. In this article we list the advantages and disadvantages of Consortiums. Look out for the same article on Joint Ventures.

Consortiums Advantages:

  • Easy to establish as there are no formal procedures... Read More
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