Issue Date: 
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Difference Between a RFI, RFQ and RFP

We are regularly asked what the difference is between a Request for Information (RFI), a Request for Proposal (RFP) and a Request for Quote (RFQ).

"RFX" is a term used, to refer to all 'Request For…' documents used to solicit responses, of various types, from suppliers. The three common documents are:

  • Request for Information (RFI)
  • Request for Proposal (RFP)
  • Request for Quote (RFQ)

According to the Government's eTenders portal (http://www.etenders.gov.za) the differences between RFQ's, RFI's and RFP's are as follows:

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is generally used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined. The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to make a selection or an award.
The Supply Chain Management Unit works with the Customer to:

  • Clearly describe the problem;
  • Solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • Study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFQ is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what's needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures. Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP. Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is generally used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms and conditions from suppliers. In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications. To procure the exact product or service needed, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.

The common thread between all three types of "RFX" documents is that the Customer/Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests. The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid.

Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value of between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

To learn all you need to know to respond to tenders correctly, and hopefully successfully attend our How-to-Tender workshops. Visit our website www.how2tender.com to find out more and to register. For more information on the tender courses please email Werner at werner@how2tender.com.

This article was written by Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd. which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Dragon Naturally Speaking Professional v.15 Software 2018-12-19 11:00 RFQ 1660216
Invitation for the provision of security services at head office for the department of social development 2019-01-29 14:00 NW/DSD/08/2018
Supply and Delivery Of Cabinet Five Drawer Shelf 2018-12-17 12:00 Q06.12.18
TRACK-IT Software Renewal 2018-12-18 12:00 Q09.12.18
Re-Supply and Delivery of 400lt Skid Unit Complete with Motor and Hose Reel. 2018-12-18 12:00 Q08.12.18
Videography and Photography Services for Cross Over 2018-12-20 12:00 Q07.12.18
Supply and Delivery of 6m Steel Container to Fairview 2018-12-18 12:00 241/2018/19
Supply and Delivery of Traffic Uniforms for Traffic and Law Enforcement Officers 2019-01-15 12:00 08/2/16/41
Supply and Delivery of Traffic Signal Materials (Until June 2020) 2018-12-20 10:00 CES 34/2018
Supply and Delivery of Road Traffic Signs (Until 30 June 2020) 2018-12-20 10:00 CES 33/2018
Invitation for the provision of security services at Dr. Kenneth Kaunda District for the Department of Social Development 2019-01-30 11:00 NW/DSD/06/2018
Invitation for the provision of security services at Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District for the Department of Social Development 2019-01-31 11:00 NW/DSD/05/2018
Supply & delivery of toolboxes. 2018-12-20 10:00 DIE0015186
Supply & delivery of fluke clamp 375. 2018-12-20 10:00 DIE0015182
Appointment of a Service Provider to Design, Manufacture and Delivery of Two (02) Fire Trucks for a period of Eighteen months (18) for The North West Province and Maintenance of Three (03) years after delivery. 2019-01-31 11:00 CS&TM 07/18/19
Provision for municipal finance management programme 2019-01-14 12:00 GTLM/FS06/2018/2019
Supply and delivery of ready mixed, concrete 2019-01-14 11:00 FIN/SC/C1/09/2018
Supply and delivery of cement products, kerbs, etc 2019-01-14 11:00 FIN/SC/CP/09/2018
Supply and delivery of crushed stone, crusher sand, slurry seal 2019-01-14 11:00 FIN/SC/S1/09/2018
Upgrade of Rosendal Chlorine Station. (Supply and Install Chlorine Dosing Equipment) 2018-12-18 11:00 FQ/SM: 86/19

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Advantages and disadvantages of Consortiums

Consortiums are often considered as entities to use when responding to tenders in South Africa. The question that arises is whether to use a Consortium or a Joint Venture when responding to a tender. To help you with this we have compiled a list of advantages and disadvantages for both Consortiums as well as Joint Ventures. In this article we list the advantages and disadvantages of Consortiums. Look out for the same article on Joint Ventures.

Consortiums Advantages:

  • Easy to establish as there are no formal procedures... Read More
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