Issue Date: 
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Difference Between a RFI, RFQ and RFP

We are regularly asked what the difference is between a Request for Information (RFI), a Request for Proposal (RFP) and a Request for Quote (RFQ).

"RFX" is a term used, to refer to all 'Request For…' documents used to solicit responses, of various types, from suppliers. The three common documents are:

  • Request for Information (RFI)
  • Request for Proposal (RFP)
  • Request for Quote (RFQ)

According to the Government's eTenders portal (http://www.etenders.gov.za) the differences between RFQ's, RFI's and RFP's are as follows:

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is generally used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined. The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to make a selection or an award.
The Supply Chain Management Unit works with the Customer to:

  • Clearly describe the problem;
  • Solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • Study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFQ is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what's needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures. Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP. Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is generally used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms and conditions from suppliers. In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications. To procure the exact product or service needed, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.

The common thread between all three types of "RFX" documents is that the Customer/Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests. The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid.

Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value of between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

To learn all you need to know to respond to tenders correctly, and hopefully successfully attend our How-to-Tender workshops. Visit our website www.how2tender.com to find out more and to register. For more information on the tender courses please email Werner at werner@how2tender.com.

This article was written by Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd. which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Tender for heritage study: De Rust, Dysselsdorp & Oudtshoorn 2019-03-25 12:00 TD-01/02/19
Provision and administration of an electricity and water prepayment vending system for a contract period ending 30 June 2022 2019-03-25 11:00 TD-05/02/19
Supply, delivery, assembly and installation of various items of furniture and accessories for Thusong Centre in Motherwell. 2019-02-28 11:00 SCM/19-97/G
Expression of interest for the supply and delivery of PPE. 2019-03-14 11:00 SCM/19-139/G
Document: Archiving: Learners and Drivers licences. 2019-03-14 11:00 SCM/19-114/S
Standards of Generally Recognised Acccounting Practices (GRAP) financial reporting training service provider for a two year period 2019-02-28 12:00 SAICA0032019
Provision of Security Services at Various ECDC Owned Premises for thirty Six months (3 years) 2019-03-11 12:00 ECDC/ELN/108/012019
Supply and delivery of Road Construction Material for Taweni Access road 2019-03-11 12:00 IHLM/87/01/2018-19/TS
The appointment of a service provider for Finance, Human Resources and Administration services for a period of 12 months. 2019-02-28 14:00 AIP-01/2019
Upgrading of Server Infrastructure and Development of Unified communication 2019-03-20 12:00 019/2018/19
The appointment of a contractor to design, upgrade, install and commission the control system at the aquarium of the National Zoological Garden in Pretoria. 2019-03-04 11:00 SANBI NZG: 325/ 2019
The appointment of a contractor for remedial work to various existing structures including roofs, aquatic mammal pools, and aquarium tanks at the National Zoological Gardens in Pretoria. 2019-03-04 11:00 SANBI NZG: 327/ 2019
The appointment of a contractor for the design and upgrade of existing gravel roads at the Mokopane Biodiversity Centre in Mokopane, Limpopo. 2019-03-05 11:00 SANBI NZG: 330/ 2019
Appointment of service provider for the procurement new fleet 4x4 double cabs(03) and (06) x sedans for the South African Diamond and Precious Metals Regulator 2019-03-15 11:00 SADPMR03/ 2018/ 19
Request to procure service providers for the purposes of headhunting for executive and senior management positions for a period of three (03) years 2019-03-08 11:00 RFA 1892/ 2018
Appointment of a suitable service provider to conduct situational analysis of successful skills programmes offered by SETA Quality Assurance Partners (QAPS) 2019-03-08 11:00 PUR 6000/ 8
The appointment of a service provider to provide medical surveillance program for 1225 (one thousand two hundred and twenty five) consisting of 72 landfill employees and 1153 general workers over four (4) months. 2019-03-18 11:00 PU058/ 2018
The appointment of panel of service providers for the removal, cleaning and rehabilitation and/or eradication of illegally dumped non-toxic, non-objectionable solid waste and rubble on as and when required basis for thirty six (36) months period. 2019-03-15 11:00 PU047/ 2017
Appointment of service providers for insurance and administration of the subsidized motor transport scheme and the VIP vehicle fleet of the state for the period 1 April 2019 to 31 March 2024 2019-03-08 11:00 RT58- 2019
Invitation to provide catering and canteen services at national health laboratory service head office and Braamfontein office for the period of three (3) years. 2019-03-08 11:00 RFB 156/ 18/ 19

Pages

Tender Knowledge

By Werner van Rooyen

www.howtotender.co.za

31 January 2019

Sometimes I am surprised at how little business people in South Africa know about Tenders and the Tender Process. Simple things like terminology and general tender information are difficult for people to comprehend not to mention the Standard Bidding Documents and Tender Pricing.

Unbelievably there are still Entrepreneurs that thinks to respond to tenders are an actual business? You will find that these Entrepreneurs would... Read More

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