Issue Date: 
Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Difference Between a RFI, RFQ and RFP

We are regularly asked what the difference is between a Request for Information (RFI), a Request for Proposal (RFP) and a Request for Quote (RFQ).

"RFX" is a term used, to refer to all 'Request For…' documents used to solicit responses, of various types, from suppliers. The three common documents are:

  • Request for Information (RFI)
  • Request for Proposal (RFP)
  • Request for Quote (RFQ)

According to the Government's eTenders portal (http://www.etenders.gov.za) the differences between RFQ's, RFI's and RFP's are as follows:

Request for Information (RFI)

An RFI is generally used when the solution to a business problem is not immediately evident or clearly defined. The RFI is used to gather information, NOT to make a selection or an award.
The Supply Chain Management Unit works with the Customer to:

  • Clearly describe the problem;
  • Solicit external expertise regarding how to solve the problem;
  • Study proposed solutions.

Request for Proposal (RFP)

An RFQ is used when the Customer understands the business problem and what's needed to solve it, including specifications and procedures. Price is usually not the determining factor in the evaluation of an RFP. Factors such as quality, service, and reputation are also taken into consideration.

Request for Quote (RFQ)

An RFQ is generally used to obtain pricing, delivery information, terms and conditions from suppliers. In this case, requestors have a clear understanding of what they need, including requirements and specifications. To procure the exact product or service needed, the Customer provides the Supply Chain Management Unit with as much information as possible, including complete specifications, quantities, and delivery schedule.

The common thread between all three types of "RFX" documents is that the Customer/Government Entity is not obliged to appoint a service provider on the results from issuing any of these requests. The best way to know that a tender award will be made is when you respond to a formal quotation or a competitive bid.

Normally a formal quotation will be for goods or services with a value of between R30,000-00 and R200,000-00 and a competitive bid will be for goods or services with a value exceeding R200,000-00.

To learn all you need to know to respond to tenders correctly, and hopefully successfully attend our How-to-Tender workshops. Visit our website www.how2tender.com to find out more and to register. For more information on the tender courses please email Werner at werner@how2tender.com.

This article was written by Werner van Rooyen, Director of HowToTender (Pty) Ltd. which specializes in tender consulting and tender training.

Title Closing Date Tender No.
Vacant land - old scrap metal site 2018-10-12 12:00 ELS/HPM 3/17/09/2018/3C
Supply: Furniture 2018-09-27 12:00 GL11900254
Vacant Land - Gately (Erf no. 20436) 2018-10-12 12:00 ELS/HPM 3/17/09/2018/3C
Supply and install ferric dosing station at Voelvlei Water Treatment Plant. 2018-10-05 12:00 SK11900114
Workshop adjacent to Dry dock 2018-10-12 12:00 ELS/HPM 3/17/09/2018/3C
Land and face-brick building adjacent to Car Terminal 2018-10-12 12:00 ELS/HPM 3/17/09/2018/3C
Land and building - Radio workshop 2018-10-12 12:00 ELS/HPM 3/17/09/2018/3C
Appointment of a Civil Maintenance Contractor for a Period of three years. 2018-10-16 12:00 PLZ 17/2018
Land and building-Old dredging building 2018-10-12 12:00 ELS/HPM 3/17/09/2018/3C
Heritage Houses 2018-10-12 12:00 ELS/HPM 3/17/09/2018/3B
Cape Town Stadium two day catering(25 and 26 September 2018). 2018-09-21 10:00 SD11900231
Supply: Tools and equipment 2018-09-26 12:00 GD11900336
Supply: Clothing 2018-09-26 10:00 GA11900263
Supply: Tools and equipment 2018-09-26 12:00 GD11900339
Land and building - Old Shipyard 2018-10-12 12:00 ELS/HPM 3/17/09/2018/3A
Supply & printing of no access notebooks Water & Sanitation Department. 2018-09-28 12:00 SK1190034A
Network Partner 2018-09-28 16:00 No Reference
Provision of a Talent Management Solution 2018-10-08 12:00 RFP GvdW-4601170/2018
Supply Tools and equipment 2018-09-21 12:00 GD11900341
Catering for Tourism Workshop. 2018-10-21 10:00 SD11900230

Pages

Advantages and disadvantages of Consortiums

Consortiums are often considered as entities to use when responding to tenders in South Africa. The question that arises is whether to use a Consortium or a Joint Venture when responding to a tender. To help you with this we have compiled a list of advantages and disadvantages for both Consortiums as well as Joint Ventures. In this article we list the advantages and disadvantages of Consortiums. Look out for the same article on Joint Ventures.

Consortiums Advantages:

  • Easy to establish as there are no formal procedures... Read More
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